Certified Nurse Assistant Job Outlook

Numerous job openings in Florida for certified nurse aide workers will
  arise from a combination of fast employment growth and high
replacement needs. High replacement needs for CNA workers are due
to low salaries, high physical and emotional demands, and limited
opportunities for advancement. These are also the reasons for which
many people are unwilling to become a CNA and perform the kind of
work required by this occupation.

In Florida many nurse aide workers leave the occupation to attend
training programs for other health care careers such as practical or
registered nurse. Therefore, people who are interested in, and suited
for working as a CNA have excellent job opportunities.

There is a long-term trend toward treating mental health patients
outside of hospitals because it is more cost effective and allows patients
to live more normal lives. As a CNA working in Florida hospitals you
will generally have at least one week of paid vacation after one year
of service. Paid holidays and sick leave, hospital and medical benefits,
extra pay for late-shift work, and pension plans are also available for
CNA workers.

Overall employment of certified nursing aide workers is projected to
grow much faster than average for all occupations through the year
2014. Nurse aide workers specialized in home health will have the
fastest growing rate of employment, as a result of both growing demand
for home services in Florida, and efforts to contain costs by moving
patients out of hospitals and nursing care facilities as quickly as possible.
Patients' preference for care at home and expanding in-home treatments
will also contribute to faster employment growth for skilled, nurse aide
personnel.

The number of CNA jobs in hospitals and long term care facilities will
  not grow as fast as home health aide employment. Employment of nursing
aide workers is expected to grow faster than average for all occupations
through 2020, in response to the long-term care needs of an increasing elderly
population. Financial pressures on hospitals to discharge patients as soon as
possible will increase admissions at nursing care facilities. As a result, CNA
job opportunities will be greater in nursing and residential care facilities than
in hospitals.


CNA & HHA Job Outlook

Home Health Aide Job Outlook

Home health aides or home caregivers care for clients who are recovering
from illness, those with terminal illness, or children and adults with physical
and mental disabilities in the clients’ home settings.

They work under the supervision of registered nurses in provision of personal
care such as bathing, assisting with grooming and dressing. They will also
assist the client with basic nursing care, including transferring from bed to chair
and extremities exercises. They assist with medication, and nutrition.

Aide/caregivers also perform various housekeeping chores such as laundry,
grocery shopping, and cleaning. Some assignments allow the aide to take
clients to their scheduled doctor's visits, to pick up prescriptions, and to take
the clients to other places they wish to go. The home health aide is expected
to look and act professional, be reliable, compassionate, cheerful, and must
enjoy working with people. It is essential that the aide be able to work
independently with little direct supervision. The care provided may
require lifting, carrying, bending, and reaching.

Areas of Specialization

The home health aide may care for the following types of clients:
hospice patients; individuals with paralysis, stroke or heart disease;
the elderly with mental disabilities such as Alzheimer's disease; or
individuals with physical disabilities and long-term illnesses.

Work Environment

Working conditions depend on the home. Some may be very pleasant
while others may not. Home health aides are usually expected to provide
their own transportation. Some time will be spent driving from one place
to another. The work week is usually 40 hours, but there is flexibility as
some home health aides work part-time. Night and weekend work is
sometimes required. Home health aides usually work for state or county
welfare agencies, private home health agencies, or on their own.

Job Outlook

The number of home health aides employed in Florida in 2009 was
30,303 It is projected that in 2014 there will be 40,191. This represents
an annual average growth rate of 4.1 percent.

Length of Training/Requirements

A high school diploma is not required but desirable for those wishing to
enter this field. Most agencies require training to hire home health aides
if they have no previous experience. Training courses focus on
maintenance of a clean, safe environment, basic nutrition, basic nursing
procedures such as taking and recording vital signs, infection control,
recognition of emergencies, communication skills, personal hygiene,
range of motion exercises, legal and ethical responsibilities, care
of geriatric clients, bio-psychosocial support, and supervised home management.


Advancement

These are generally entry-level positions. Additional formal training
or education and a willingness to enter other health occupations are
usually necessary for advancement.

License/Certification

No license is required.

Salary

Home health aides earn an average hourly wage of $10.52.